Natural gas is a vital, clean, and growing global energy source with vast supplies under constant development in North America and the rest of the world. The production, gathering, transportation, and distribution of natural gas requires continuous innovation to remain competitive among other energy sources. Engineers and scientists have created a critical industry supplying nearly one-fourth of the world’s energy needs from what was once considered only a byproduct of oil production.
Natural gas occurs “naturally” underground and is comprised of a mixture of components, usually primarily methane with other light hydrocarbons and inorganic compounds. The chemical analysis of natural gas is necessary to understand the processes required to safely transform the gas into a useable fuel, and to determine its monetary value. Prior to analysis, natural gas must be made suitable for introduction into analysis equipment (analyzers), a process known commonly as “sample conditioning.”